In the courtyard in which the plaque remembering the men who were killed is where the rebel leaders were executed.
Below is a photo of where the men were executed.
Inside the Gaol in the largest area is where many of those who were imprisoned during the civil war were kept.
Two notable individuals being Eamon De Valera and Grace Gifford, both of whom famously opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
I recently made my first visit to Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin. Famous for holding the 1916 Easter Rising leaders prior to their execution, on site.
The leaders were able to be identified, as when they were printing the Proclamation of the Irish Republic (Which proclaimed Ireland’s independence from the UK).
When this was being printed it had to be printed in two halves, and as they were discovered by the British, they only had time to destroy the top half, leaving the bottom half, which included all of signatories of the Proclamation.
A list of the men executed is shown below.
After the untimely sentencing and subsequent death of her new husband, Grace Gifford herself became incarcerated in the very Gaol in which her husband was killed.
Grace opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty and was arrested during the Irish Civil War and brought to Kilmainham Gaol. She only spent a few short months here, but during her time she put her artistic talents to work and painted her cell walls.
I was lucky enough to visit both Grace’s cell as well as Joseph Mary Plunkett’s.
A short list highlighting the greatness and importance of Countess Constance Markievicz:
A feminist, labour activist and Irish nationalist.
- Born in London to a wealthy family but developed an affinity for the poor, as her father helped the tenants of his land during the famine
- Daughter of an arctic explorer
- Childhood friend of W.B Yeats
- Met the Queen
- Involved in the Labour movement and women’s suffrage
- Married and subsequently amicably separated from a Polish Count
- Ran a soup kitchen for poor school children
- Was 2nd in command during the 1916 Easter Rising.
- Initiated the conflict by approaching a police officer and shooting him in the head.
- Sentenced to death but survived on account of her gender.
- “I do wish your lot had the decency to shoot me.”
- “I did what was right and I stand by it.”
- Opposed the Anglo-Irish treaty, demanding a United Ireland
- Became a Member of Parliament but refused to take her seat as it would have meant swearing allegiance to the King and the British.
- Became one of the first members of the Dáil Éireann, an illegal government at the time.
- By the time she had died she had given away all of her wealth and passed in a public ward “among the poor where she wanted to be”.
- When she died thousands of working class people lined the streets to honour her,